Date of submission
Social Problem Controversy “Should Medical marijuana be legalized in the United States?
The complexity and urgency of the controversial legalization and regulation of Marijuana are taking the lead in most policy making institutions. Different ideologies are welcome for scrutiny and approval where actuality and reality feature with regards to marijuana. There are numerous scenarios and uses of marijuana. Some are ethically disprovable whereas others have to exist. For instance, marijuana is either smoked or used medically in most states within the United States. The use and consumption of marijuana imply some affirmative and negative impacts on the users and the entire society. The controversy regarding the use of marijuana is likely to take to greater heights than expected. For instance, cancer patients, as well as HIV/Aids patients require using cannabis Sativa for medical purposes (Aggarwal 7). For example, the drug acts as an appetizer for the aids victims. Alternatively, the drug operated as a pain reliever for the cancer patients, especially before or after the chemotherapy. The core claimants of the use of marijuana are NORML. They intend to ensure that marijuana becomes a legal commodity in the United States.
However, there are other agencies and entities that propose that marijuana ought to be banned. The legal infrastructure including the Supreme Court seems to disapprove the consumption of Marijuana. The same case applies to some anti-drug trafficking agencies that proclaim the legalization of the drug as a booster towards the illegal use of marijuana. A professional claimant, Heritage Foundation disregards the legalization of marijuana in the context of research and conservative policies (Cerdá 22). Other responses to the agencies and institutions believe in illegalization of marijuana. The society is a victim of the social issues affiliated with marijuana consumption. For instance, the users adopt violence, crime, and other complex social problems. The negativity of the use of marijuana lies in the balance when trying to establish the difference between the active and negative eventualities (Cerdá 26). The United States has a total of 21 states. However, each state has a different approach towards marijuana and the affiliate policies.
Social problems of concern
The legalization of marijuana in the United States still a controversial issue due to the social issues affiliated with it. However, it is the most often used drug. Most of the states still feel unsure of what dimension they ought to take with regards to understanding human health and marijuana consumption. There are numerous debates that stipulate the fact that marijuana serves a medical purpose. For instance, most people suffering from cancer use the drug to ease the pain and restlessness they face. One core institute in the United States that deals with drug issues is the National Institute on Drug Abuse. They indicate and support the fact that marijuana confers an individual therapeutic impact. It relieves pain and also stimulate appetite (Cerdá 28).
However, one of the social issues is that marijuana causes mental health problems. For instance, the heart and lungs become affected due to excessive use of marijuana. Such medical impacts result from increased levels of addiction by the users of marijuana. The National Institute of Drug Abuse implies that use of marijuana has myriad social consequences (Cerdá 24). Initially, the users suffer from depleted level of life motivation. The reduced level of performance. The impact could become significant in class or at work depending on the area of operation by the user. For instance, some users of marijuana suffer from the unpredictable absence from the place of work. The intermediate result is that some users of the drugs end up losing their job.
Marijuana also affects the extent to which the users loose perception and judgment over very usual things. The impaired judgment over the issue propels the possibility of aggression, rebellion and delinquent demeanor amongst the users. Additionally, NIDA concludes from a scientific research that smokers of marijuana, daily, lose intellectual capacity. However, additive information indicates that the cognitive ability commences to come back after four weeks.
The alternative application of marijuana emerges when the drug is used for medical reasons. Chronic illnesses depend on the use of marijuana. The National Institute on Drug Abuse offers some statistical inferences on treatment statistics in the United States. For instance, the year 2008 accumulated approximately 17 percent of treatment admission that used marijuana. There has been a steady growth in the use of marijuana between year 2002 and year 2008. Most of the users belong to the teenage group.
However, objective advocates of marijuana legalization include the Marijuana Policy Project, the Texas Medical Association, and the American Cancer Society. They argue for the efforts to impose illegalization measures to the use of marijuana. They believe the stoppage of using marijuana is likely to affect the medical purpose of the drug (Aggarwal 5). They tend to assume there are no other alternatives to the drug with regards to specific treatments. There are cases of sclerosis where marijuana has to feature in the context of actualizing the treatment efforts of such illnesses. The controversy of respecting the feasible social impacts or accepting the medical usability of the drug depends on the approach used to either stabilizing the use of marijuana or prohibiting it.
The issue of legalizing marijuana affects different scopes of life and governance in the United States. Myriad stakeholder holds a position in the marijuana legalization debate. For instance, there are stakeholders who are aiming at ensuring that marijuana is legalized. Others have their different proposals regarding prohibition of marijuana in the United States. The Drug Policy Alliance leads the movement of legalizing marijuana. It played a crucial role in managing the ballot, as well as, funding the initiative to foster legislative campaigns in support of the medical use of marijuana. The campaign was interstate. The year 2009 marked an essential calendar through the American Medical Association’s approach to the issue of legalizing marijuana (Aggarwal 8). Other supportive stakeholders include the NORML, the pro-marijuana lobbying organization amongst others propose that medicinal requirements of marijuana ought to remain.
These stakeholders are trying to establish the basis of the argument that marijuana ought to remain legalized and regulated. For instance, there are chronic diseases and illnesses that demand the application of strong stimulating drugs such as Cannabis sativa. The argument is it moderates the intensity in the inflammatory diseases, the sclerosis, and the rheumatoid and other related forms of illnesses. The stakeholders speak in support of various affirmative impacts of marijuana (Motel 2). For instance, there are substantial research efforts that the different organizations are undertaking to establish the idea of marijuana moderating cancer pains. Statistics from the scholarly proofs indicate that a number, approximating to 639 million cases of cancer got reported in the recent year. A high rate of HIV/AIDS infections got diagnosed in the past year. However, the patients fail to sail through due to immense pains and nausea. The breathtaking illnesses find its solution to the marijuana drug.
Alternatively, there are stakeholders that do not support the intake of marijuana. They propose for the prohibition of marijuana. Perfect examples of these include the CADCA and the Citizens against Legalizing Marijuana. The two propose that there is the need to substantiate and maintain the federal rules that disregard the application, ferrying and cultivation of marijuana products (Motel 2). They have a different ideology regarding the use of marijuana from a social or economic perspective.
General and specific stakeholders
The major parties with regards to prohibiting the legalization of marijuana begin with the government. For instance, President Obama’s administration believes in the demolishing of any policies that support legalization of marijuana. They tend to approach the idea of legalization from the perspective that it will foster the entry of many other harmful drugs into the United States. However, there are some other proponents that support the positivity of marijuana. Some of the stakeholders that are supporting the legalization of marijuana include the American Nurses Association, the Texas Medical Association and the Netherlands Ministry of Health. Arguably, most health entities tend to support the legalization of marijuana, such as the US Department of Health.
The history of marijuana and its applicability debates commenced some one hundred and fifty years ago. The thousand years past still retain the history of marijuana as a medical substance that assists in providing medical assistance. For instance, the year 1906, the Food and Drug Administration of the United States engaged Cannabis Sativa in the debate towards necessary labeling under the federal law of labeling. The historical trends forwards towards the acknowledged Mexican demeanor or Mexican behavior of 1930s. The drugs transactions, closely affiliated to the Mexicans introduced social impairments such as crime and violence. The irresponsible activities facilitated the establishment of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics. The establishment of the Bureau in the year 1931 marked the beginning of the tribulations in favor and against the use of marijuana in the United States. The immediate impression was the ban on using marijuana within all the states. The issues got passed on to the state as a state responsibility. The government, therefore, had to establish a state act that would assist it to control problems associated with narcotics. For instance, this facilitated the development and implementation of the Uniform State Narcotic Act. That was the commencement of controversial debates regarding the use and legalization of marijuana.
Later, the presidents, including Richard Nixon proposed that legalization of marijuana use appreciated. The efforts and provisions took place in the United States between the years 1976 and 1978. Successional Anti-Drug Abuse Act and Comprehensive Crime control Act of the year 1984 established legal penalties for possessing the narcotic product. However, decades after that, the essence of possessing marijuana in the states took a quite controversial position. For instance, other health conditions demanded the indulgence of using marijuana emerged. For instance, cancer, HIV/AIDS, and other chronic diseases established a need for the legalization of marijuana. Most of the health agencies and research institutes are taking a lead in the campaign for legalization of marijuana. The argument that makes the laws differ from state to state is that it assists relieve the pain and nausea that is causing the demise to many Americans. Currently, approximately 20 states are approving the medical use of marijuana amidst the possible leakages. There are feasible negative impacts, but the merits outdo the demerits.
Current policies and policy alternatives
The attitude towards the legalization of marijuana is taking a rapid transferal amongst the public. Recent voting processes are seeing some of the states approve the recreational application of marijuana. Approximately 14 states are approving the recreational use of marijuana. 19 states are allowing medical application of marijuana and 14 states are taking necessary steps to discriminate it (Aleem 3). The 19 states that intend to allow marijuana for medical purposes have variant policies that intend to apply to regulate the use. For instance, California assumes a quasi-legal status. Other states, where the marijuana has become decriminalized, are applying very soft penalties and rules with regards to using the drug. However, the most conduct that the states are not ready to condone the illegal trafficking of the marijuana drug.
“About Marijuana.” NORML. N.p., n.d. Web. <Norml.org/marijuana>.
American Nurses Association. N.p., 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.
CADCA | Building Drug-free Communities. N.p., 2015. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.
Citizens Against Legalizing Marijuana – CALM. N.p., 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). N.p., 2015. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.
Texas Medical Association. N.p., 2015. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.
Aggarwal, Sunil K., et al. “Medicinal lise of cannabis iti the United States: Historical perspectives, current trends, and future directions.” Journal of opioid management 5.3 (2009).
Cerdá, Magdalena, et al. “Medical marijuana laws in 50 states: investigating the relationship between state legalization of medical marijuana and marijuana use, abuse and dependence.” Drug and alcohol dependence 120.1 (2012): 22-27.
Aleem, Zeshan. “8 Facts About Marijuana Legalization Everyone Should Know.” Mic. N.p., 8 Nov. 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.
Motel, Seth. “6 Facts About Marijuana.” Pew Research Center. N.p., 5 Nov. 2014. Web. 23 Feb. 2015.